Chartered Institute
of Linguists

Manchester’s Language Army

How one school is reaping the benefits of using pupils’ language skills to help new arrivals. By Karl McLaughlin

Set in the culturally diverse Crumpsall/Cheetham Hill area of Manchester, Abraham Moss Community School is one of very few schools in northwest England to operate a formal programme that identifies bilingual pupils and offers them basic training in the skills required to act as language mediators within the school environment. More that 60 languages are spoken at Abraham Moss, which began the programme five years ago with a group of just eight pupils in Key Stage 4 (ages 14-16). Since then it has blossomed into an impressive ‘language army’ – nearly 40-strong – of ‘young interpreters’ aged 12-16, who cover languages as diverse as Arabic, Chinese, Hungarian, Italian, Pashtun, Polish, Spanish, Turkish and Urdu.

Given the Abraham Moss motto, Ex Diversitate Vires (‘From Diversity comes Strength’), its concerted efforts to foster multilingualism and multiculturalism come as no surprise, although the fruits of this latest initiative cannot fail to impress. The school, which has just over 1,700 pupils, receives approximately 80 mid-year admissions of young people from outside the UK every year, including economic migrants, asylum seekers and children of overseas students; children who are fully literate and high achievers in their first language but with widely varying levels of English language, and others who have had no exposure to English at all.

To help the newcomers adapt to their new school setting, the young interpreters act as official mentors, passing on crucial peer knowledge of how things work at Abraham Moss. Other valuable contributions include providing support with the admissions process, peer support in lessons, tutor time and lunchtime, and ‘reading buddies’. A further function is to help out at parents’ meetings and open days, where pupils use their language skills to relay key information to families in real time. The young interpreters also go out and help with admissions meetings and First Language Assessments in local primary schools.

The programme earned Abraham Moss a prestigious accolade in 2016 when it beat stiff competition from across the country to lift the TES International Award. The annual distinction is conferred on the school “with the most innovative international strategy, including initiatives to improve pupils’ and teachers’ understanding of other countries, languages and cultures”, with an emphasis on strategies with demonstrable impact across the school and the wider community.

Building confidence

The junior linguists’ work is vital for helping new arrivals to build confidence when entering the unfamiliar and often daunting environment of a new school. “In many cases, without them, the newcomers and their families would be unable to communicate or receive important news and information, so there is no doubt that our young interpreters help them embed properly at school,” explains Programme leader and Assistant Head of EAL (English as an additional language) Sharon Collins.

The advantages are far from one-way. Indeed, participation in the programme brings untold benefits for the student mediators themselves. As Collins explains: “Our young interpreters often speak heritage languages that could be in danger of being stifled as pupils seek to fit in and not appear different. Showing them that these first languages have an important role gives them a real boost and encourages them to use them. Knowing they are doing a valuable job for their school and the community also boosts their self-confidence and motivates them to study even harder.” The contributions of the young interpreters are regularly acknowledged in school assemblies and their faces appear on posters around the corridors. They even wear special badges on their uniform lapels to make them easily identifiable.

Rafiullah, a Year 10 pupil originally from Afghanistan, has experienced both sides of the fence. “When I arrived in the UK, I felt sad because I was new and I couldn’t speak English. Some of the young interpreters helped me to settle in and make friends, and now I have become a member of the team and I have helped lots of other new arrivals,” he says. For Year 11 pupil Daniel, who comes from the Czech Republic, the young interpreters are “ambassadors for our school” and “proud to have such a responsible role”.

University support Spanish is an important language among the young interpreters group, which has included a number of pupils who were raised in Spain before moving to Britain. Embedded from an early age, their Spanish skills were strong enough to allow them to take part in final-year interpreting classes at Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU). The university provides assistance to the programme in the form of periodic visits by academic staff to deliver talks on the interpreting profession, along with tips on how to approach the work.

According to Collins, the link with MMU, which began in 2016, has added “another layer” to the programme, with pupils learning a great deal and being inspired by the experiences of professional interpreters and interpreting undergraduates. Among those to benefit is Year 11 pupil Noor. “It was a great day and our fluency in Spanish meant that we were able to join in at degree level even though we’re only 16,” she says. “As a result of my experiences over the last two years, I’m now thinking of a career in interpreting myself.”

The young interpreters have a real buzz about them and, unlike many older students of interpreting, manifest fewer apprehensions about getting things wrong and speaking in public. They are aware that the aim of the programme is not to train them as fully-fledged interpreters but to help them acquire a basic awareness of what the job involves, including focusing on meaning rather than words, using memory to good effect, and developing the confidence and reflexes required. They also take part in video analysis of interpreters in action, role-plays and guided discussions on what it takes to be an effective interpreter.

The school is quite clear that its use of the pupils is for basic-level mediation, not to replace an adult where an adult is deemed necessary in an interpreting situation. Moreover, they are always supported by a member of staff in situations involving parents or adults from outside the school.

Award-winning schemes

The Young Interpreters initiative at Abraham Moss is not the only one of its kind in the country, but it is one of the few at secondary level. Hampshire County Council’s Ethnic Minority and Traveller Achievement Service (EMTAS) pioneered the idea of using pupils as linguistic mediators for new arrivals some years ago. Its Young Interpreters Scheme, now successfully exported to a number of local authorities and the subject of international interest, has earned extensive recognition, including the Guardian Public Services and Grassroots Excellence Awards (2013). Praise was received from Ofsted, which called the programme an “excellent example of practice that supports and develops children and young people’s confidence and leadership skills within schools”.

The council’s support for dozens of schools in Hampshire includes an interactive virtual platform offering guidance on setting up and running the Young Interpreters Scheme, as well as materials to equip practitioners with the tools to train pupils.

Returning to Abraham Moss, the positive outcomes of the valuable work being done will, hopefully, serve as an incentive to others, not just in Greater Manchester but in northern England generally. Details of its Young Interpreters programme have been presented at various language events, including the Oldham International New Arrivals and EAL Conference for head teachers and school leaders. The school is keen to build a network of schools with similar ‘new arrival’ needs and encourage them to train up their own teams.

Collins and her colleagues also hope to establish an annual Young Interpreters Conference, based on the Hampshire model, where pupils from different schools would spend a day taking part in fun, language-based activities to “really celebrate the role they play in the life of their schools and communities”.

I wish them every success in this exciting venture. Perhaps we will see at least of some the young people involved join the ranks of professional interpreters in years to come.


Dr Karl McLaughlin, FCIL and Chartered Linguist, is Senior Lecturer in Spanish and Schools Liaison Coordinator for languages at Manchester Metropolitan University, and a conference interpreter and translator with over 30 years’ experience.